The problems of landlocked countries

Irish Minister of State assesses Port Training Programme in United Republic of Tanzania

29 Apr - Joe Costello, Minister of State at Ireland’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade,  has completed a visit to the United Republic of Tanzania at which he reviewed the impact of the UNCTAD Port Training Programme.​ Read more ...

 

Geographic coverage: 
Global

UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI)

Countries’ access to world markets depends largely on their transport connectivity, especially as regards regular shipping services for the import and export of manufactured goods. UNCTAD’s Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI) aims at capturing a country’s level of integration into global liner shipping networks.

How to join: 

Free viewing and download from http://stats.unctad.org/lsci

Periodicity: 
annual
Geographic coverage: 
Global

UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport

The Review of Maritime Transport is an UNCTAD flagship publication, published annually since 1968.

Around 80 per cent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries. The Review of Maritime Transport provides an analysis of structural and cyclical changes affecting seaborne trade, ports and shipping, as well as an extensive collection of statistical information. Every issue provides data and insights on:

How to join: 

Free download from http://unctad.org/rmt

Periodicity: 
annual
Geographic coverage: 
Global

Review of Maritime Transport 2012

More than 80 per cent of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and an even higher percentage of developing-country trade is carried in ships.

The Review of Maritime Transport, an annual publication prepared by the Division on Technology and Logistics of the UNCTAD secretariat, is an important source of information on this vital sector. It closely monitors developments affecting world seaborne trade, freight rates, ports, surface transport and logistics services, as well as trends in ship ownership and control and fleet age, tonnage supply and productivity.

Geographic coverage: 
Global

Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment - A Practical Toolkit For Country Implementation

Release date: 
07/08/2010
Published date: 
07/08/2010

This new edition of the toolkit provides an opportunity not only to reflect the changes in the trade environment and the need for additional features in the toolkit, but also to benefit from the experiences of the assessments already undertaken based on the original edition. In 2001, the Bank issued a first Trade and Transport Facilitation Audit (TTFA) toolkit based on an original concept developed by John Raven. This initial concept was extensively revised to give the new toolkit an increased operational focus.

Type: 
Reports/Studies
Relevance Degree: 
Must Read
Geographic coverage: 
Global

Trade facilitation opportunities for landlocked and transit developing countries

Release date: 
06/20/2010
Published date: 
07/20/2008

1. UNCTAD organized in Geneva on 8 and 9 July 2008 the “Global preparatory meeting on the midterm review of the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action: Trade facilitation opportunities for landlocked and transit developing countries”. The meeting was a contribution by UNCTAD to the high-level midterm review of the Almaty Programme of Action.

Type: 
Explanatory notes
Relevance Degree: 
Useful Background
Geographic coverage: 
Global

New Eurasian Land Transport Initiative is launched!

The New Eurasian Land Transport Initiative (NELTI) was launched in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, on the occasion of an international conference on the development of road freight operations in the Central Asian region, held on 16 September, which gathered representatives from UNESCAP, UNECE, Transport Ministries of European and Asian countries, NGOs and international road transport carriers' associations in the region.

Type: 
Cooperation
Goals: 
  • Support socio-economic progress and trade relations by linking businesses and approaching communities as well as nations in the Euro-Asian space
  • Turn disadvantages of landlockedness of Central Asian states into advantages by providing improved access to export and import markets and benefitting from their transit position
  • Monitor impediments to the smooth flow of trade and transport
Scope and activities: 

Regularised commercial road freight transport operations on various Euro-Asian road links

Start and End date: 
09/16/2008
Main contact: 
Status: 
On-going
Selected Activity: 
No
Type of funding: 
Self-funded
Fully online: 
No
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

The impact of regional liberalization and harmonization in road transport services : a focus on Zambia and lessons for landlocked countries

Release date: 
05/01/2008
Published date: 
01/22/2008

Based on a detailed empirical study, this paper argues that regional liberalization of trucking services has had an important effect on transport costs and tariffs for Zambia’s economy. Zambia is a peculiar example in Southern Africa as it benefits from relatively low transport costs compared with other landlocked countries in Africa. This is mainly because of competition between Zambian and other regional, mainly South African, operators and because of South African investments in Zambia’s trucking industry.

Type: 
Reference Documents
Relevance Degree: 
Good Read
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Best Practices in Corridor Management

Release date: 
02/17/2008
Published date: 
02/17/2007

This report examines measures to improve management of international transport corridors. From a physical perspective, these are defined as a collection of routes constructed from the transport networks of adjoining countries and bounded by gateways. They are somewhat complex because they are usually multi-modal and include multiple border crossings.

Type: 
Reports/Studies
Relevance Degree: 
Good Read
Geographic coverage: 
Global

Trade Facilitation in Selected Landlocked Countries in Asia

Release date: 
07/20/2007
Published date: 
06/21/2007
The study Trade Facilitation in Selected Landlocked Countries in Asia was conducted by UNESCAP with the aim to increase understanding of the specific trade facilitation issues and conditions in the selected landlocked countries of the Caucasus and Central Asian subregion. Part One looks at trade facilitation in Asia Pacific region in general and at the problems, challenges and needs of landlocked countries. It also provides policy recommendations to enhance institutional infrastructure of landlocked countries for trade facilitation.
Type: 
Reports/Studies
Relevance Degree: 
Useful Background
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Guidelines on ICT Application for Trade and Transport Facilitation for Landlocked Countries in the Asia and Pacific Region

Release date: 
07/01/2007
Published date: 
07/01/2006

Type: 
Reports/Studies
Relevance Degree: 
Good Read
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Whatever happened to trade facilitation?

Release date: 
10/12/2006
Published date: 
09/12/2005

At the turn of the new Millennium international trade facilitation, in the relatively restricted sense of simplification of trading procedures, was a pedestrian activity with few political overtones. A few months later a new and elevated level of inter-governmental, and so commercial, interest was reached in the run-up to the WTO Doha Ministerial Conference and its programmed debate on an additional negotiating “package” of four unfamiliar items including “Trade Facilitation”.

Type: 
Reference Documents
Relevance Degree: 
Good Read
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Yes, we have bananas. We just can't ship them

Release date: 
05/22/2006
Published date: 
11/01/2005

Type: 
Explanatory notes
Relevance Degree: 
Useful Background
Geographic coverage: 
Global

ARTNeT brief No6 on Trade Facilitation

Release date: 
11/30/2005
Published date: 
11/30/2005

4-page policy brief by UN-ESCAP's ARTNet on the Implementation of Trade Facilitation Measures: Needs, Costs and Other Issues for the WTO Negotiations

Type: 
Explanatory notes
Geographic coverage: 
Global

The Almaty Agenda

Release date: 
07/16/2005
Published date: 
07/16/2005

The Almaty Agenda comprises a list of recommendations and a Program of Action promulgated by the United Nations Economic and Social Council’s Body on Least Developed and Landlocked Developing Countries at the Almaty Ministerial Conference held in Kazakhstan in August 2003.
Type: 
Explanatory notes
Relevance Degree: 
Must Read
Geographic coverage: 
Global

Marrakech Declaration on South-South Cooperation

Release date: 
06/02/2005
Published date: 
06/02/2005

The Marrakech Declaration welcomes the Almaty Programme of Action as a method to strengthen South-South Cooperation and facilitate trade in the region.  Click here to view the document.

Type: 
Reference Documents
Relevance Degree: 
Useful Background
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Improvement of Transit Systems in Central Africa

Release date: 
04/07/2003
Published date: 
04/07/2003

This document written by Philippe Cabanius, an UNCTAD consultant, describes the current status and procedures of Central African Transit Systems and offers recommendations for facilitating trade in Central African LLDCs.  Click here to view the PDF document.

Type: 
Reference Documents
Relevance Degree: 
Useful Background
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Economic Analysis of Landlockedness Applied to Central Asia

Release date: 
04/01/2004
Published date: 
04/01/2004

In this powerpoint presentation, Gael Rablalland uses an economic analysis to determine the impact of landlockedness on countries' economies.  To test the effect, Raballand measures three varialbes: Distance from a major port, Ability to export through a major port, and the number of border-crossings.  Click here to view the document. 

Type: 
Presentations
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

Transit Transport Issues in Landlocked Countries

Release date: 
04/02/2003
Published date: 
04/02/2003
This document identifies the common issues and concerns related to physical and non-physical barriers that characterize the transit transport systems of landlocked and transit developing countries in the ESCAP region.  It  also provides a  methodology to help identify and quantify bottlenecks, bringing stronger focus and greater clarity to a number of priority policy recommendations designed to assist landlocked developing countries in reducing the cost of imports, improving the competitiveness of their exports and attracting foreign direct investment.  

 

Type: 
Reference Documents
Geographic coverage: 
Not Global

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