This report examines measures to improve management of international transport corridors. From a physical perspective, these are defined as a collection of routes constructed from the transport networks of adjoining countries and bounded by gateways. They are somewhat complex because they are usually multi-modal and include multiple border crossings.
From an economic perspective, the function of a corridor is to promote both internal and external trade by providing more efficient transport and logistics services. The primary reason for designating these routes as part of a corridor is to focus attention on improving not only the routes but also the quality of the transport and other logistic services in the corridor. This quality is measured in terms of the transit time, and cost for shipment of goods along the corridor, the reliability of the services in terms of transit time and the flexibility provided in terms of diversity of services offered on multimodal routes.
The formal designation of a specific set of routes as a corridor is generally part of a government endeavor to focus its efforts on improving the quality of transport services to these routes. The term management implies some form of control, but the variety of demand for transport and other logistics services and the large number of providers of these services limits the opportunities for exerting any form of control. Nevertheless, it is important to create a single point of coordination given the diversity of stakeholders and the large number of government agencies that oversee different activities within a corridor. This coordination requires a public-private partnership to address a wide range of problems including investment in infrastructure, regulation of transport and trade, facilitating the improvement in private sector transport and logistics.
The report is divided into three sections. The first examines the characteristics of an international corridor and the parameters that define its performance. The second examines the mechanisms available for improving corridor performance, especially at the border crossings. The third considers management techniques available for coordinating the development of corridors.
The full text of this report is available fro download from the website of the Global event of landlocked developing countries and transit countries on trade and trade facilitation, held in Ulanbaatar, Mongolia, on Aug. 28-31, 2007.